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Radiosonde / United States

Areas: Quebec | Canada | USA | Europe | France (DOM-TOM) | UK
Station
Type
Date
Fr En

================================================================================

SOUNDING # 1     IDN= 72528    DAY=2022017    TIME=120000     VALID LEVELS=167
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Idn     Id    Station Name           St  Co   Lat     Lon      Elev
     72528  KBUF   GREATER BUFFALO INTL   NY  US   42:56N  078:44W  221
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   Level    Pressure  Temp  Dew Point  Dir    Speed   Height   Theta   Mix
   Type       [MB]     [C]     [C]    [deg]   [KTS]    [M ]     [K]   [g/kg]
  --------   ------   -----   -----   -----   - ----  -------   -----  ------
    SFC       963.0    -2.7    -3.4    30.0    15.0    221.0   273.4   3.089
    SIGT      941.0    -3.9    -4.4    32.9    29.2    404.1   274.0   2.932
    MAND      925.0    -4.3    -6.0    35.0    39.8    539.5   274.9   2.640
    SIGW      916.9    -4.6    -6.6    40.0    38.9    609.0   275.4   2.536
    SIGT      906.0    -4.9    -7.5    44.7    37.3    703.1   275.9   2.401
    SIGT      862.0    -6.5    -8.1    64.5    30.8   1093.8   278.2   2.408
    SIGT      860.0    -6.5    -8.0    65.4    30.5   1111.9   278.4   2.433
    MAND      850.0    -6.1    -7.6    70.0    28.9   1203.5   279.8   2.540
    SIGW      848.3    -6.1    -7.5    70.0    29.9   1219.0   279.9   2.555
    SIGT      834.0    -6.1    -7.1    67.8    26.0   1352.5   281.3   2.691
    SIGW      815.8    -7.0    -7.7    65.0    21.0   1524.0   282.1   2.621
    SIGW      784.5    -8.5    -8.8   105.0    21.0   1829.0   283.7   2.500
    SIGT      777.0    -8.9    -9.1   112.4    24.4   1904.4   284.0   2.471
    SIGT      758.0    -9.3    -9.8   131.3    33.2   2096.2   285.6   2.397
    SIGW      754.3    -9.3    -9.8   135.0    35.0   2134.0   286.0   2.401
    SIGT      749.0    -9.3    -9.9   136.8    38.0   2188.7   286.6   2.407
    SIGT      747.0    -9.3    -9.9   137.5    39.1   2209.4   286.8   2.413
    SIGT      741.0    -9.3    -9.9   139.5    42.6   2271.8   287.5   2.433
    SIGW      725.2    -8.0    -8.5   145.0    51.9   2439.0   290.7   2.773
    SIGT      715.0    -7.1    -7.6   155.0    48.3   2549.6   292.9   3.021
    SIGT      704.0    -6.9    -7.3   166.0    44.4   2670.7   294.4   3.141
    MAND      700.0    -7.1    -7.4   170.0    42.9   2715.2   294.6   3.135
    SIGW      697.5    -7.2    -7.6   165.0    43.9   2743.0   294.8   3.101
    SIGT      661.0    -9.5   -10.4   185.6    28.9   3160.9   296.8   2.622
    SIGW      644.7   -10.6   -10.9   195.0    22.0   3353.0   297.7   2.575
    SIGT      640.0   -10.9   -11.1   193.1    20.5   3410.0   298.0   2.561
    SIGW      619.6   -12.3   -13.1   185.0    14.0   3658.0   299.1   2.259
    SIGW      595.4   -14.1   -15.5   210.0     8.0   3963.0   300.5   1.928
    SIGT      595.0   -14.1   -15.5   209.7     8.0   3967.6   300.5   1.924
    SIGW      571.9   -15.7   -16.8   190.0     8.0   4268.0   302.0   1.793
    SIGT      567.0   -16.1   -17.1   176.3    10.7   4332.5   302.3   1.766
    SIGW      549.1   -17.0   -18.3   125.0    21.0   4573.0   304.0   1.654
    SIGW      527.3   -18.2   -19.7   115.0    23.9   4878.0   306.1   1.520
    SIGT      526.0   -18.3   -19.8   113.8    24.2   4895.9   306.3   1.512
    SIGW      506.1   -20.3   -21.2    95.0    28.9   5182.0   307.3   1.387
    MAND      500.0   -20.9   -21.7    95.0    28.0   5272.9   307.6   1.349
    SIGW      465.8   -25.0   -26.0    90.0    26.8   5792.0   308.8   0.990
    SIGT      457.0   -26.1   -27.1    80.9    30.5   5931.1   309.1   0.909
    SIGW      446.6   -26.7   -28.5    70.0    35.0   6097.0   310.3   0.821
    SIGT      444.0   -26.9   -28.8    70.0    34.7   6139.8   310.6   0.800
    SIGT      435.0   -28.1   -30.4    70.0    34.0   6287.3   310.9   0.702
    SIGW      410.1   -31.9   -33.0    70.0    31.9   6707.0   311.3   0.583
    SIGT      405.0   -32.7   -33.5    75.0    30.4   6795.8   311.4   0.560
    MAND      400.0   -33.3   -35.1    80.0    28.9   6883.2   311.7   0.485
    SIGT      397.0   -33.7   -35.8    82.1    28.5   6936.1   311.9   0.456
    SIGT      396.0   -33.9   -35.6    82.7    28.4   6953.8   311.8   0.466
    SIGW      392.7   -34.4   -36.1    85.0    28.0   7012.0   311.9   0.448
    SIGT      384.0   -35.7   -37.4    90.1    31.6   7168.7   312.2   0.401
    SIGT      378.0   -36.5   -39.3    93.7    34.1   7278.1   312.6   0.335
    SIGT      376.0   -37.1   -38.7    94.9    34.9   7314.9   312.3   0.359
    SIGT      371.0   -37.9   -40.5    98.0    37.1   7407.4   312.4   0.301
    SIGT      366.0   -38.3   -42.0   101.1    39.2   7500.8   313.1   0.260
    SIGT      363.0   -38.7   -42.4   102.9    40.5   7557.4   313.3   0.251
    SIGT      361.0   -39.1   -42.5   104.2    41.4   7595.3   313.2   0.250
    SIGW      359.6   -39.3   -42.7   105.0    42.0   7621.0   313.3   0.245
    SIGT      347.0   -41.3   -44.8   100.1    50.6   7865.4   313.8   0.202
    SIGT      346.0   -41.5   -45.8    99.8    51.3   7885.0   313.8   0.182
    SIGT      344.0   -41.3   -55.3    99.0    52.7   7924.3   314.6   0.067
    SIGT      341.0   -41.7   -49.7    97.8    54.9   7983.8   314.9   0.122
    MAXW      334.0   -42.7   -49.7    95.0    59.8   8123.9   315.4   0.124
    SIGW      328.7   -43.4   -49.7    95.0    59.8   8231.0   315.8   0.126
    SIGT      327.0   -43.7   -49.7    94.7    59.2   8266.9   315.9   0.127
    SIGT      325.0   -44.1   -52.1    94.4    58.6   8308.1   315.9   0.103
    SIGT      322.0   -44.7   -51.7    93.9    57.6   8370.3   315.9   0.108
    SIGT      320.0   -44.9   -52.9    93.5    56.9   8412.0   316.2   0.096
    SIGT      319.0   -45.1   -52.1    93.3    56.5   8432.9   316.2   0.104
    SIGT      318.0   -45.3   -48.7    93.2    56.2   8453.8   316.2   0.145
    SIGT      314.0   -45.7   -49.7    92.5    54.8   8538.3   316.8   0.132
    SIGT      304.0   -47.7   -52.5    90.7    51.3   8753.1   316.9   0.105
    MAND      300.0   -48.5   -52.6    90.0    49.9   8840.4   317.0   0.105
    SIGT      294.0   -49.7   -53.7    90.0    50.3   8973.0   317.1   0.095
    SIGT      292.0   -50.3   -54.9    90.0    50.5   9017.7   316.9   0.082
    SIGT      289.0   -50.1   -57.1    90.0    50.7   9085.2   318.1   0.067
    SIGT      287.0   -50.7   -56.7    90.0    50.8   9130.5   317.9   0.071
    SIGW      286.3   -50.8   -57.0    90.0    50.9   9146.0   318.0   0.069
    SIGT      276.0   -52.3   -61.3   106.7    55.9   9384.3   319.2   0.045
    TRO1      274.0   -52.5   -61.5   110.0    56.9   9431.3   319.5   0.044
    SIGT      271.0   -52.5   -62.5   112.2    56.9   9502.5   320.5   0.041
    SIGT      269.0   -52.7   -62.7   113.7    56.9   9550.4   320.9   0.040
    SIGT      265.0   -51.9   -68.9   116.7    56.9   9647.4   323.5   -----
    SIGW      260.6   -51.0   -74.6   120.0    56.9   9756.0   326.3   -----
    SIGT      259.0   -50.7   -76.7   121.5    55.9   9796.2   327.4   -----
    MAND      250.0   -51.7   -73.7   130.0    49.9  10026.2   329.2   -----
    SIGT      240.0   -50.9   -69.9   135.6    47.1  10291.6   334.3   -----
    SIGT      238.0   -50.9   -75.9   136.7    46.5  10346.1   335.1   -----
    SIGT      233.0   -49.9   -70.9   139.7    45.0  10484.7   338.6   -----
    SIGT      221.0   -52.1   -74.1   146.9    41.4  10828.9   340.4   -----
    SIGT      217.0   -50.3   -75.3   149.4    40.1  10947.6   345.0   -----
    SIGW      216.1   -50.5   -75.4   150.0    39.8  10975.0   345.0   -----
    SIGT      208.0   -52.7   -76.7   182.5    33.4  11222.8   345.4   -----
    SIGW      206.2   -51.8   -76.7   190.0    31.9  11280.0   347.7   -----
    SIGT      204.0   -50.7   -76.7   191.7    29.8  11348.8   350.5   -----
    MAND      200.0   -50.7   -76.7   195.0    25.8  11477.8   352.5   -----
    SIGW      196.7   -50.5   -77.0   195.0    25.8  11585.0   354.5   -----
    SIGT      181.0   -49.5   -78.5   239.7    31.2  12130.2   364.7   -----
    SIGW      179.2   -49.6   -78.7   245.0    31.9  12195.0   365.5   -----
    SIGT      159.0   -50.9   -80.9   232.2    32.7  12976.8   376.1   -----
    SIGW      155.8   -52.1   -81.6   230.0    32.8  13109.0   376.3   -----
    SIGT      152.0   -53.5   -82.5   236.5    28.9  13268.3   376.5   -----
    SIGT      151.0   -53.5   -82.5   238.2    27.9  13310.8   377.2   -----
    MAND      150.0   -52.9   -81.9   240.0    26.8  13353.6   378.9   -----
    SIGT      134.0   -52.3   -83.3   247.5    36.5  14082.5   392.4   -----
    SIGW      129.0   -52.8   -----   250.0    39.8  14329.0   395.9   -----
    SIGW      117.3   -54.0   -----   235.0    42.0  14939.0   404.6   -----
    SIGW      111.8   -54.6   -----   235.0    44.9  15243.0   409.0   -----
    SIGT      101.0   -55.9   -----   257.8    45.8  15897.2   418.5   -----
    MAND      100.0   -55.1   -----   260.0    45.8  15960.6   421.3   -----
    SIGW       97.0   -54.8   -----   260.0    45.8  16158.0   425.7   -----
    SIGW       92.5   -54.2   -----   270.0    42.0  16463.0   432.6   -----
    SIGT       91.4   -54.1   -----   268.2    40.4  16536.5   434.2   -----
    SIGW       84.1   -55.0   -----   255.0    28.9  17073.0   443.0   -----
    SIGT       81.5   -55.3   -----   255.0    32.2  17270.3   446.3   -----
    SIGT       75.5   -59.3   -----   255.0    40.1  17753.9   447.8   -----
    SIGW       72.7   -59.2   -----   255.0    43.9  17987.0   452.7   -----
    MAND       70.0   -59.1   -----   260.0    35.9  18228.1   458.0   -----
    SIGW       62.9   -60.0   -----   255.0    42.9  18902.0   470.4   -----
    SIGT       61.9   -60.1   -----   264.4    41.0  18997.6   472.1   -----
    SIGW       59.9   -59.8   -----   285.0    36.9  19207.0   477.3   -----
    SIGT       56.0   -59.3   -----   264.5    31.5  19624.1   487.7   -----
    SIGW       54.3   -60.1   -----   255.0    28.9  19817.0   490.3   -----
    SIGW       51.7   -61.3   -----   275.0    24.9  20121.0   494.4   -----
    MAND       50.0   -62.1   -----   260.0    26.8  20329.6   497.2   -----
    SIGT       48.1   -60.9   -----   254.9    28.5  20569.8   505.6   -----
    SIGW       44.6   -61.7   -----   245.0    31.9  21036.0   514.6   -----
    SIGT       43.7   -61.9   -----   251.3    33.6  21165.1   517.2   -----
    SIGW       42.5   -60.3   -----   260.0    35.9  21341.0   525.4   -----
    SIGT       41.5   -58.9   -----   261.6    35.1  21487.1   532.3   -----
    SIGT       36.8   -57.3   -----   269.9    31.0  22244.5   555.1   -----
    SIGW       36.7   -57.4   -----   270.0    30.9  22256.0   555.2   -----
    SIGT       34.8   -59.1   -----   258.8    28.6  22596.4   559.3   -----
    SIGW       33.3   -57.8   -----   250.0    26.8  22865.0   569.5   -----
    SIGT       33.2   -57.7   -----   252.1    26.9  22892.6   570.6   -----
    SIGT       30.6   -59.1   -----   290.6    29.3  23405.7   580.3   -----
    SIGT       30.1   -57.9   -----   298.4    29.8  23509.3   586.3   -----
    MAND       30.0   -58.1   -----   300.0    29.9  23530.3   586.3   -----
    SIGW       28.8   -58.9   -----   300.0    29.9  23780.0   590.8   -----
    SIGW       27.5   -59.9   -----   280.0    25.8  24085.0   596.4   -----
    SIGT       26.6   -60.5   -----   280.0    28.5  24284.1   600.0   -----
    SIGW       26.2   -59.8   -----   280.0    29.9  24390.0   604.9   -----
    SIGW       23.7   -55.8   -----   275.0    35.9  25000.0   633.6   -----
    SIGT       23.7   -55.7   -----   274.9    35.7  25011.4   634.2   -----
    SIGW       21.6   -58.0   -----   270.0    22.0  25609.0   644.5   -----
    SIGT       21.5   -58.1   -----   270.2    22.8  25628.8   644.9   -----
    SIGT       20.2   -55.1   -----   274.3    39.3  26024.5   665.6   -----
    MAND       20.0   -55.3   -----   275.0    42.0  26088.0   666.9   -----
    SIGW       18.7   -56.8   -----   275.0    42.0  26524.0   675.5   -----
    SIGW       17.8   -57.9   -----   285.0    35.0  26829.0   681.5   -----
    SIGW       16.1   -60.0   -----   280.0    36.9  27439.0   693.6   -----
    SIGT       16.1   -60.1   -----   279.9    36.9  27457.4   694.0   -----
    SIGT       14.9   -58.7   -----   277.2    38.0  27942.5   714.2   -----
    SIGT       14.1   -55.1   -----   275.3    38.7  28292.2   737.7   -----
    SIGW       14.0   -55.3   -----   275.0    38.9  28353.0   739.2   -----
    SIGT       13.6   -55.7   -----   283.3    43.8  28522.6   743.3   -----
    SIGW       13.3   -55.5   -----   290.0    47.8  28658.0   748.7   -----
    SIGT       12.9   -55.1   -----   294.4    44.5  28859.7   756.7   -----
    SIGT       12.5   -52.1   -----   298.8    41.2  29062.4   774.1   -----
    SIGW       11.5   -53.1   -----   310.0    32.8  29573.0   788.3   -----
    SIGT       10.8   -53.9   -----   310.0    27.9  30005.4   800.6   -----
    SIGW       10.5   -52.7   -----   310.0    25.8  30182.0   811.1   -----
    SIGT       10.3   -51.9   -----   297.9    29.0  30311.3   818.9   -----
    MAND       10.0   -51.5   -----   280.0    33.8  30503.1   827.3   -----
    SIGT        8.3   -54.7   -----   -----   -----  31704.5   860.0   -----
    SIGT        7.6   -54.5   -----   -----   -----  32268.7   882.8   -----
    SIGT        6.8   -52.5   -----   -----   -----  32984.6   919.7   -----
    SIGT        6.5   -50.1   -----   -----   -----  33277.9   941.7   -----
    SIGT        6.3   -51.1   -----   -----   -----  33481.7   945.9   -----
    SIGT        6.2   -49.1   -----   -----   -----  33586.2   958.8   -----


Parcel Definition for 100 mb Boundary Layer:   1200 UTC 17 Jan 2022017
----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Dewpoint Temperature (TD)                    =     -6.3 C
    Potential Temperature (Th)                   =    275.6 K
    Equivalent Potential Temperature (ThE)       =    282.4 K
    Mixing Ratio (MIX)                           =      2.6 g/kg

Stability Indices and Levels:
-----------------------------
    Lifted Condensation Level (LCL)              =      890 mb
    Temperature at LCL (TLCL)                    =     -6.6 C
    Level of Free Convection (LFC)               =      890 mb
    Equilibrium Level (EL)                       =    -----
    Convective Temperature (CVT)                 =    -----
    Forecast Maximum Temperature (FMAX)          =      4.0 C

    K Index (KI)                                 =      6.9
    Lifted Index (LI)                            =     21.1
    Severe WEAther Threat Index (SwI)            =     85.9
    Showalter Index (ShI)                        =     17.9
    Total Totals Index (TTI)                     =     28.1

    Precipitable Water (PW)                      =     12.2 mm

Energy Analysis:
----------------
    Helicity (HELI)                               =      630 m**2/s**2
    Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE) =    -----
    Convective Inhibition (CIN)                  =    -----

    Theta-E for Forecast Maximum Temperature   =      287 K
    CAPE for Forecast Maximum Temperature        =    -----

    Maximum Theta-E at or below 300 mb           =      317 K
    Pressure Level of Maximum Theta-E            =      304 mb
    CAPE for Maximum Theta-E                     =    -----

================================================================================

UALIST:  Done

Info & Location for this station (72528)